Taller Tlaiye,夯土住宅 ,Quinta Gaby,夯土别墅_印际

住宅

Taller Tlaiye 作品 | 夯土住宅 Quinta Gaby

       Quinta Gaby(下文简称QG)是一个由夯土建成的独立住宅。夯土是在木框架中一层层夯实潮湿土壤从而建造实墙的技术,有着上千年的历史。
      Quinta Gaby (hereinafter referred to as QG) is an independent house built from bauxite. Bauxite is a technique that builds solid walls in layers of slabs of moist soil in a wooden frame, with a history of thousands of years.      建筑的设计与周边优美的自然环境引发了一种和谐。QG 包括三个长方型:围绕在这个家的中心,天井中的纸树(papelillo tree),周围的环境。房子的入口有一扇粉色的大门,是向知名墨西哥建筑师路易斯·巴拉甘(Luis Barragan)伟大作品的一个小致敬。
      The design of the building creates a harmony with the beautiful natural surroundings. The QG consists of three rectangular shapes: around the center of the home, the papelillo tree in the patio, and the surrounding environment. The entrance to the house has a pink door and is a small tribute to the great work of the famous Mexican architect Luis Barragan.
      迈进大门即是一个天井。像传统的墨西哥大庄园一样,这处室外空间起着排布、交流和联系建筑中其他房间的作用,使室内外有着一种亲密无间的关系。墙壁间隐藏着的开窗使整个空间完整为一体,让住户们在此生活得无拘无束。
      Stepping into the door is a patio. Like the traditional Mexican manor, this outdoor space serves to arrange, communicate and connect with other rooms in the building, giving an intimate relationship both indoors and outdoors. The hidden windows between the walls complete the whole space, allowing the residents to live freely.

     QG项目基于夯土的几项优点而重拾了这项建造方法,大量地运用在了这处住宅中。从美观性上来说,这种材料可以提供无数种设计和创造的可能性。夯土十分诚实地表达着它不规则的每一层,有色彩和纹理也有瑕疵和怪异。这种自然美给这栋房子增添了不少特性和美感。
      The QG project regained this construction method based on several advantages of the bauxite and was used extensively in this dwelling. Aesthetically, this material offers countless possibilities for design and creation. Bauxite expresses its irregular layers very honestly, and its colors and textures are also awkward and weird. This natural beauty adds a lot of character and beauty to the house.      夯土有着相当高的热惯性,能提供湿温舒适且少有二氧化碳排放。它还因它的密度和厚度而能够很好地隔音。另外,掺杂其中的各种矿物质可以阻燃。夯土可溶于水,在足够湿润时就不再紧实,变得可塑。这项特性使它能够被重复利用。
      Bauxite has a very high thermal inertia, providing comfortable humidity and low carbon dioxide emissions. It is also very soundproof due to its density and thickness. In addition, various minerals doped therein can be flame retardant. The bauxite is soluble in water and is not too firm when it is wet enough to become plastic. This feature allows it to be reused.

      作为建筑师,我们希望克服通常被认为仅用于贵族建筑的限制性偏见,以重新评估传统建筑方法与当前需求和技术之间的功能联系。
      As architects, we hope to overcome the restrictive biases that are generally considered to be used only in noble buildings to re-evaluate the functional connections between traditional construction methods and current needs and technologies.       由于夯土与我们西班牙统治前的文明的重要关系,以及它的美观性与可持续益处,QG 将“我们的土地“这项材料作为重新解释墨西哥建筑的起点。本项目通过使用本地材料和利用自然采光通风来回应周边环境。材料皆以它们天然的形态呈现:糅合夯实过的泥土制成厚墙,素混凝土制作踢脚板和地板,高纯度石灰涂于底板上,树皮中提取的单宁酸上色的白水泥覆盖着泳池、水镜及卫生间。这栋有机建筑由内而外发展起来,响应着居住者机器周围环境的需求。

      Because of the important relationship between the bauxite and our pre-Romanian civilization, as well as its aesthetic and sustainable benefits, QG uses “our land” as a starting point for reinterpreting Mexican architecture. The project responds to the surrounding environment by using local materials and using natural daylighting. The materials are presented in their natural form: thick concrete walls made of rammed earth, skirting boards and floors made of plain concrete, high-purity lime applied to the floor, and white cement coated with tannins in the bark covered the pool , water mirror and toilet. This organic building develops from the inside out, responding to the needs of the environment surrounding the occupants' machines.

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本文由 印际 作者:Yin.ji 发表,转载请注明来源!

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