Flavio Castro作品 | 圣保罗Box House,当代自然美学 _ 印际

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Flavio Castro作品 | 圣保罗Box House,当代自然美学

       FCstudio的巴西建筑师Flavio Castro在圣保罗为自己建造了一居室住宅,几乎所有房间都可以通过滑动墙完全打开户外。
      Brazilian architect Flavio Castro of FCstudio has built a one-bedroom home for himself in São Paulo, with nearly all of the rooms able to fully open to the outdoors thanks to sliding walls.
       这栋两层楼的Box House位于住宅区的角落地段,周围环绕着酒店外围的混凝土墙。滑动金属门隐藏了正门和车道。
      Situated on corner lot in a residential neighbourhood, the two-storey Box House is concealed by a concrete wall around the property's perimeter. Sliding metal doors hide the front entrance and a driveway.
      这座住宅由平面图案和平顶构成,由卡斯特罗设计,占据了最大面积的可建造土地,其余部分则是一个郁郁葱葱的庭院。
      Rectangular in plan and flat-roofed, the residence was designed by Castro to take up the largest amount of buildable land, with the remainder created as a lush courtyard.
      家中的两个外墙非常靠近邻居,这限制了可以用玻璃制成的外墙。
      Two of the home's exterior walls are very close to the neighbours, which limited the facades that could be made of glass.
       卡斯特罗的项目描述说:“主要的挑战是建造一个有两个立面靠近邻居的角落房屋,它充分利用了地形和自然光线,同时尽可能地保护了街道的隐私。”
      "The main challenge was to build a corner house with two facades leaning against the neighbours, which took full advantage of the terrain and natural light, while keeping privacy from the street as much as possible," said Castro's project description.
       建筑师选择耐用的材料,如钢,混凝土和玻璃,以保持施工期短暂,因为他急着搬进去。
      Durable materials like steel, concrete and glass were selected by the architect to keep the construction period brief, as he was in a hurry to move in.
      “采用预制构件进一步加强了这一点,尽管巴西只有5%的房屋使用这种技术,”他说。
      "This was further strengthened by the adoption of prefabricated elements, although only five per cent of houses in Brazil use this technique," he said.
        一楼郁郁葱葱的花园通过滑动玻璃门与室内融为一体,设有开放式起居室,用餐区和厨房。浴室隐藏在灰色橱柜内,与厨房相匹配,就在前门外。
      On the ground floor, a lush garden merges with the indoors via sliding glass doors to an open-plan living room, dining area and kitchen. A bathroom is concealed within a grey cabinet volume that matches the kitchen, just beyond the front door.
      大型钢门枢转进一步打开底层到封闭的庭院。较低楼层设有洗衣房,浴室和双车车库。
      Large steel doors pivot to further open the ground floor to the enclosed courtyard. A laundry, bath and two-car garage complete the lower level.
      坐落在靠近邻居的立面上的是一个楼梯,充分利用了这一设计限制。楼上是第二间休息室,俯瞰着小花园,还有一间卧室和两间浴室。
      Situated on a facade close to the neighbours is a staircase, making the most out of this design restriction. Upstairs is a second lounge, which overlooks the small garden, along with a bedroom and two bathrooms.
       波纹钢门环绕顶层,当关闭时,完全阻挡阳光水平进入家中。相反,三个天窗将灯光带入浴室和淋浴间等空间。
      Corrugated steel doors wrap around the top storey, and when closed, completely block sunlight from entering the home horizontally. Instead, three skylights bring light down into spaces like the bath and shower rooms.
      “每个[天窗]都以不同的方式定向,使太阳能强度不同,全天变化,”工作室说。
      "Each of [the skylights] is oriented in a different way, making the solar intensity different and throughout the day, it changes," said the studio.
      室内设计也由FCstudio设计。除了白色的墙壁,大多数表面和家具都用灰色和棕色完成,与家居的建筑材料相关。红色,蓝色和绿色的提示使当代而自然的美学更加生动。
      The interiors were also designed by FCstudio. Aside from white walls, the majority of surfaces and furnishings are finished in greys and browns to relate to the home's construction materials. Hints of red, blue and green enliven the contemporary yet natural aesthetic.
       完全可操作的墙壁是巴西住宅建筑的共同特征,热带气候允许户外生活。圣保罗的例子包括由Perkins + Will设计的带百叶窗卧室的住宅以及Studio Arthur Casas穿着金色金属穿孔的住宅。
      Fully operable walls are a common feature of Brazil's residential architecture, where the tropical climate allows for outdoor living. Examples in São Paulo include a home with shuttered bedrooms by Perkins+Will and a residence clad in perforated golden metal by Studio Arthur Casas.

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